Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Mol Neurosci. 2004;24(1):129-36.

FDA-preapproved drugs targeted to the translational regulation and processing of the amyloid precursor protein.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory for Functional Genomics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, USA.


The 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) of the transcript encoding the Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a key regulatory sequence that determines the amount of intracellular APP holoprotein present in brain derived cells. Using neuroblastoma cells (SY5Y) we developed a transfection based screen of a library of FDA drugs to identify compounds that limited APP luciferase reporter expression translated from the APP 5'UTR. Paroxetine (Paxil trade mark ), dimercaptopropanol, phenserine, desferrioxamine, tetrathiolmobdylate, and azithromycin were six leads that were subsequently found to also suppress APP holoprotein levels or to alter APP cleavage (azithromycin). Since APP holoprotein levels are proportionate to Abeta peptide output in many systems we tested the efficacy of paroxetine and dimercaptopropanol to limit Abeta secretion as measured by ELISA assays. Paroxetine and dimercaptopropanol limited Abeta peptide secretion from lens epithelial cells (B3 cells). Interestingly, paroxetine changed the steady-state levels of transferrin receptor mRNAs. These data suggested that this serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) provided extra pharmacological action to chelate interacellular iron or change the intracellular iron distribution. An altered iron distribution would be predicted to indirectly limit APP holoprotein expression and Abeta peptide secretion.

Copyright 2004 Humana Press Inc.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms


Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk