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Cancer Lett. 2004 Sep 15;213(1):117-24.

Coexpression of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) and its receptor cMET predict recurrence of meningiomas.

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  • 1Neuroimmunology Unit, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico, Insurgentes Sur 3877, Col. La Fama, 14269 Mexico City, Mexico.


Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) and its receptor, the cMET tyrosine kinase participate in cancer invasion, angiogenesis and metastasis in a wide variety of neoplastic cells. Meningioma is a bening tumour, however, it has a high rate of recurrence after surgery; the most important factor to predict relapse is the extent of surgical resection, several other potentially predictive factors have been studied with poor results. We examined by immunohistochemistry the expression of HGF/SF and its cMET receptor in a group of patients with benign meningioma with or without recurrence (n = 17 and n = 25, respectively), after a minimal follow-up of least 6 years. Expression and coexpression of HGF/SF and cMET were compared with cell proliferation index, vascular density and clinical outcome. Coexpression of HGF/SF and cMET in meningiomas had a significant association with cell proliferation index and with recurrence (P < 0.037). Determination of HGF and cMET coexpression in meningiomas could be used as a predictor of recurrence.

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