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J Hypertens. 2004 Sep;22(9):1769-77.

Ambulatory blood pressure reduction after rosiglitazone treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension correlates with insulin sensitivity increase.

Author information

  • 11st Department of Medicine, AHEPA University Hospital, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece. psarafidis11@yahoo.gr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Within the metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia are associated with blood pressure (BP) elevation through various potential mechanisms. Thiazolidinediones are antihyperglycemic agents that decrease insulin resistance.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of the thiazolidinedione rosiglitazone on BP and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension.

METHODS:

In 20 subjects (nine men and 11 women) with type 2 diabetes but with a poor glycemic control, and with poorly controlled or newly diagnosed hypertension, rosiglitazone 4 mg daily was added-on therapy for 26 weeks. At baseline and at the end of the treatment period patients underwent ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp, and blood tests for glucose, insulin, HbA1c, lipids, and routine laboratory parameters.

RESULTS:

Insulin sensitivity estimated with the clamp significantly increased (Mbw/I index changed from 33.9 +/- 2.6 to 41.9 +/- 3.2 micromol/min per kg per nmol/l, P < 0.001) and the HOMA-IR index significantly decreased (6.34 +/- 0.39 versus 4.40 +/- 0.33, P < 0.001) during rosiglitazone treatment. Ambulatory BP presented small but significant reductions for the total 24-h period (135.3 +/- 1.8 versus 129.9 +/- 1.7 mmHg, P < 0.001 for systolic BP and 76.0 +/- 1.6 versus 71.9 +/- 1.6 mmHg, P < 0.001 for diastolic BP), daytime and night-time. The changes in systolic and diastolic BP correlated with the change in insulin sensitivity (r = -0.78, P < 0.01 and r = -0.68, P < 0.01, respectively). There were also significant reductions in fasting plasma glucose (9.39 +/- 0.41 versus 7.55 +/- 0.31 mmol/l, P < 0.001), insulin (94.0 +/- 0.41 versus 79.5 +/- 5.6 pmol/l, P < 0.01) and HbA1c (8.15 +/- 0.24 versus 7.24 +/- 0.19%, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Treatment of type 2 diabetic hypertensive patients with rosiglitazone significantly increased insulin sensitivity and lowered ambulatory BP. These changes were strongly correlated. Thiazolidinediones may thus possess a BP-lowering effect beyond their antihyperglycemic properties.

PMID:
15311106
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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