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Atherosclerosis. 2004 Sep;176(1):95-9.

Platelet membrane collagen receptor glycoprotein VI polymorphism is associated with coronary thrombosis and fatal myocardial infarction in middle-aged men.

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  • 1Medical School, University of Tampere and Research, Unit of Clinical Chemistry, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere FIN-33014, Finland.

Abstract

Glycoprotein VI is a platelet collagen receptor binding to subendothelial collagen after a rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque. The GPVI gene is polymorphic with several SNPs and the T13254C polymorphism predicting amino acid substitution (serine to proline) has been associated with the risk of MI in a preliminary study. We studied the association of the GPVI T13254C with fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and coronary artery disease among the 300 men of the Helsinki Sudden Death Study (HSDS). Genotype frequencies were 77.9% for TT, 20.7% for CT and 1.4% for CC. We found a significant association (P = 0.02) between the C-allele carriers (CT or CC) and coronary thrombosis (OR 2.5, 95% CI: 1.05-6.2). There was also a tendency (P = 0.07) for an association between the C-allele and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (OR 2.2). The average area of complicated coronary lesions was also significantly (P = 0.01) larger in carriers compared to non-carriers of the C-allele. Our findings support previous results on the role of this GPVI polymorphism, or another linked polymorphism, as a possible predictor of the risk of coronary thrombosis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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