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FEBS Lett. 2004 Aug 13;572(1-3):33-40.

15-Deoxy-delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) inhibits IL-1beta-induced IKK enzymatic activity and IkappaBalpha degradation in rat chondrocytes through a PPARgamma-independent pathway.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, UMR 7561 CNRS-Université, Henri Poincaré Nancy I, Faculté de Médecine, 54505 Vandoeuvre-Lès-Nancy, France.

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligands have been shown to inhibit the effects of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). This cytokine plays a key role in articular pathophysiologies by inducing the production of inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)). We previously demonstrated that 15d-PGJ(2) was more potent than troglitazone to counteract IL-1beta effects on chondrocytes. Here, we studied the action of 15d-PGJ(2) on intracellular targets in nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signalling pathway in IL-1beta treated rat chondrocytes. We found that 15d-PGJ(2) decreased inhibitor kappaBalpha (IkappaBalpha) degradation but not its phosphorylation by specifically inhibiting IkappaB kinase beta (IKKbeta), but not IKKalpha, enzymatic activity. We further evaluated the involvement of PPARgamma in the anti-inflammatory action of its ligands. In chondrocytes overexpressing functional PPARgamma protein, 15d-PGJ(2) pre-treatment inhibited inducible NO synthase and COX-2 mRNA expression, nitrite and PGE(2) production, p65 translocation and NF-kappaB activation. Troglitazone or rosiglitazone pre-treatment had no effect. 15d-PGJ(2) exhibited the same effect in chondrocytes overexpressing mutated PPARgamma protein. These results suggest that 15d-PGJ(2) exerts its anti-inflammatory effect in rat chondrocytes by a PPARgamma-independent mechanism, which can be conferred to a partial inhibition of IkappaBalpha degradation.

PMID:
15304320
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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