Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Hum Reprod. 2004 Nov;19(11):2550-4. Epub 2004 Aug 6.

Should we advise patients undergoing IVF to start a cycle leading to a day 3 or a day 5 transfer?

Author information

  • 1Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Dutch-Speaking Brussels Free University, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium.



The aim of this study was to compare ongoing pregnancy rates per started cycle between patients randomized at consultation to have embryo transfer either on day 3 or on day 5 of in-vitro culture.


All patients <43 years of age for whom IVF was indicated were allowed to participate in the study (day 3 group, 234 patients; day 5 group, 226 patients). Ovarian stimulation was performed either using GnRH antagonists/recombinant FSH (rFSH) (day 3, 70.1% of patients; day 5, 72.6% of patients) or using the long GnRH agonist protocol/urinary gonadotropins (day 3, 29.9% of patients; day 5 27.4% of patients).


The random decision to initiate a cycle leading to day 5 as compared with a day 3 transfer was associated with a significantly lower chance of embryo cryopreservation (day 3, 61.5%; day 5, 50.4%; P<0.02). Ongoing pregnancy rate per started cycle did not differ between the two groups compared [day 3, 32.1%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 26.4-38.2%; day 5, 33.2%, 95% CI 27.3-39.5%].


Advising patients at consultation to initiate an IVF cycle leading to a day 5 as compared with a day 3 transfer does not appear to increase the probability of ongoing pregnancy, and is associated with a significantly lower probability of obtaining cryopreserved embryos.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk