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Gynecol Oncol. 2004 Aug;94(2):267-76.

Brain metastases of epithelial ovarian carcinoma responding to cisplatin and gemcitabine combination chemotherapy: a case report and review of the literature.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, Charles University Medical School Teaching Hospital, Sokolská 581, 500 05 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. melichar@fnhk.cz

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Brain represents a rare site of metastasis in patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC).

CASE REPORT:

We observed a case of multiple brain metastases in an EOC patient after complete response of a pelvic recurrence to platinum/paclitaxel chemotherapy. Complete response of brain metastases was observed after whole brain radiotherapy and subsequent chemotherapy by combination of cisplatin and gemcitabine. Three subsequent recurrences of brain metastases were controlled by re-treatment by the combination of 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin and gemcitabine.

METHODS:

Because of limited information on the outcome of EOC brain metastases in reported case series, a pooled analysis of the published reports in patients with EOC brain metastases was performed. Data were extracted from 46 reports that contained sufficient details on 189 individual patients. The survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed by the log-rank test and Cox method, respectively.

RESULTS:

The most favorable outcome was observed in patients treated by surgery combined with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. The survival was significantly better in reports describing only one or two cases, in patients diagnosed after 1992, in patients who received therapy in addition to symptomatic treatment, in patients treated by radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery, in patients without extracranial metastases and with single brain metastases. On multivariate analysis, the absence of extracranial metastases, treatment by chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy were independent positive predictors of survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

EOC brain metastases are responsive to chemotherapy. An aggressive multidisciplinary therapeutic approach including chemotherapy may lead to prolonged survival.

PMID:
15297161
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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