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Clin Nutr. 2004 Aug;23(4):587-96.

Effects of protein-rich supplementation and nandrolone in lean elderly women with femoral neck fractures.

Author information

  • 1Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. jan.tidermark@ortoped.sos.sll.se

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate the effects of a protein-rich liquid supplementation, alone or in combination with the anabolic steroid nandrolone decanoate, on body composition, activities of daily living (ADL) status and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after a femoral neck fracture.

METHODS:

Sixty women, aged 83 +/- 5 years (mean +/- SD), BMI < 24 kg/m2 (20.4 +/- 2 kg/m2 ) and capable of co-operating, with a femoral neck fracture treated with internal fixation, were randomised to open treatment during 6 months with a protein-rich liquid formula alone (PR, Fortimel, 200 ml/day, 20 g protein/day) or in combination with nandrolone decanoate (PR/N, Deca-Durabol 25 mg i.m./3 weeks) or to a control group (C). The patients were re-examined after 6 and 12 months regarding body weight (BW), lean body mass (LBM, DXA), ADL status according to Katz, HRQoL according to EQ 5-D and fracture healing.

RESULTS:

LBM decreased in the C (-1.2 +/- 2 kg) and PR groups (-1.2 +/- 1 kg) but remained the same in the PR/N group (0.3 +/- 1 kg) (P < 0.05 between groups). ADL remained at a high level in the two intervention groups but declined significantly in the C group (P < 0.005 between groups). The decline in HRQoL was least pronounced in the PR/N group at 6 months (P < 0.05 between groups). Patients with fracture healing complications lost more BW (P < 0.05) and LBM (P < 0.01) than patients with uneventful fracture healing.

CONCLUSION:

Protein-rich liquid supplementation in combination with nandrolone given for 6 months to lean elderly women after a femoral neck fracture may positively affect LBM, ADL and HRQoL.

Copyright 2003 Elsevier Ltd.

PMID:
15297095
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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