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Sex Transm Infect. 2004 Aug;80(4):277-9.

Changing epidemiology of genital herpes simplex virus infection in Melbourne, Australia, between 1980 and 2003.

Author information

  • 1Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory, 10 Wreckyn Street, North Melbourne, 3051Victoria, Australia. thomas.tran@mh.org.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate changes in the proportions of patients infected with genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2 from 1980 to 2003 in Melbourne, Australia.

METHODS:

A total of 25 372 patients were studied retrospectively. The proportions of HSV-1 and HSV-2 detected in these individuals were analysed by age, sex, and genital site.

RESULTS:

In 1980 only 15.8% of HSV positive genital specimens were HSV-1 compared to 34.9% in 2003. In 2003 HSV-1 was detected in 77% of patients aged less than 20 years. Females were more likely to be infected with HSV-1, although the rate of increased detection was more pronounced in males. Except for females over the age of 40, the trend for the increase in HSV-1 was detected in all age groups. No specific genital site in either sex was associated with the increase.

CONCLUSIONS:

The proportion of genital HSV-1 has increased in Australian patients, although HSV-2 is still the most common cause of genital infection. Confirmation of HSV type is necessary for optimal patient management.

PMID:
15295125
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1744857
Free PMC Article
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