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Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2004 Aug;2(8):690-5.

Chronic granulomatous disease caused by a deficiency in p47(phox) mimicking Crohn's disease.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of California, San Diego 92103-8450, USA. jshuang@ucsd.edu

Abstract

We describe 2 cases of autosomal recessive chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) in 2 sisters presenting with a picture consistent with inflammatory bowel disease. The index case is a 10-year-old girl with a history of refractory Crohn's colitis treated with aggressive immunosuppressive therapy whose course subsequently was complicated by central nervous system aspergillosis. Additional evaluation showed a diagnosis of CGD, an underlying immunodeficiency in which phagocytes fail to produce microbicidal reactive oxygen intermediates because of inherited defects in the reduced form of nicotinamide-adenine phosphate dinucleotide (NADPH) oxidase. The diagnosis of a typically X-linked inherited disease in our female patient suggested that she had 1 of the 3 less common autosomal recessive forms of the disease. This was confirmed by studies showing the absence of the p47(phox) subunit of NADPH oxidase in her neutrophils and the presence of a homozygous dinucleotide deletion in the neutrophil cytosolic factor 1 gene that encodes p47(phox). Additional analyses of members of the patient's immediate family showed the same homozygous mutation in 2 siblings, 1 of whom also developed chronic colitis consistent with a diagnosis of Crohn's disease. These 2 cases emphasize the importance of high clinical suspicion for an alternative diagnosis of immune deficiency in the setting of presumed inflammatory bowel disease and opportunistic infection.

PMID:
15290662
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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