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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2005 Jan;177(3):307-14. Epub 2004 Jul 29.

Fluvoxamine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, suppresses tetrahydrobiopterin levels and dopamine as well as serotonin turnover in the mesoprefrontal system of mice.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Tsuruma-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 466-8550, Japan. hmiura@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a coenzyme of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), rate-limiting enzymes of monoamine biosynthesis. According to the monoamine hypothesis of depression, antidepressants will restore the function of the brain monoaminergic system, and BH4 concentration.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of fluvoxamine on BH4 levels and dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) turnover in the mesoprefrontal system, incorporating two risk factors of depression, social isolation and acute environmental change.

METHODS:

Male ddY mice (6W) were divided into two housing groups, i.e. group-housing (eight animals per cage; 35 days), and isolation-housing (one per cage; 35 days), SC injected with fluvoxamine (20 or 40 mg/kg; days 29-35), and exposed to 20-min novelty stress (day 35). The levels of BH4, DA, homovanilic acid (HVA), 5-HT, and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) were measured in the prefrontal cortex and midbrain.

RESULTS:

Under the group-housing condition, novelty stress significantly increased BH4 levels in both regions, and the HVA/DA ratio in the midbrain, whereas it did not change any parameters in either region under the isolation-housing condition. In the prefrontal cortex, fluvoxamine significantly decreased the 5-HIAA/5-HT ratio under the group-housing condition, and BH4 levels and the HVA/DA ratio under the isolation-housing condition. In the midbrain, fluvoxamine significantly decreased all parameters, except for an increasing in the 5-HIAA/5-HT ratio under the isolation-housing condition.

CONCLUSION:

Isolation-housing suppressed the increase of BH4 levels and DA turnover elicited by novelty stress. Fluvoxamine suppressed BH4 levels, and DA and 5-HT turnover. Fluvoxamine may have altered DA turnover by suppressing BH4 levels.

PMID:
15290002
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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