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Chromosome Res. 2004;12(6):557-67.

Centromere DNA, proteins and kinetochore assembly in vertebrate cells.

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  • PRESTO, the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), National Institute of Genetics and The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Mishima, Shizuoka 411-8540, Japan. tfukagaw@lab.nig.ac.jp


The centromere is a specialized region of the chromosome that is essential for faithful chromosome segregation during mitosis and meiosis in eukaryotic cells. It is the site at which the kinetochore, the functional nucleoprotein complex responsible for microtubule binding and chromosome movement, is assembled through complex molecular mechanisms. Herein, I review recent advances in our understanding of centromeric DNAs as sites for kinetochore assembly and the mechanisms underlying kinetochore assembly in vertebrate cells.

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