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Radiology. 2004 Aug;232(2):516-21.

Primary patency of femoropopliteal arteries treated with nitinol versus stainless steel self-expanding stents: propensity score-adjusted analysis.

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  • 1Department of Angiology, University of Vienna Medical School, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria. schila.sabeti@akh-wien.ac.at

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate, in a propensity score-adjusted analysis, the intermediate-term primary patency rates associated with nitinol versus stainless steel self-expanding stent placement for treatment of atherosclerotic lesions in femoropopliteal arteries.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The authors analyzed the clinical and imaging data of 175 consecutive patients with peripheral artery disease and either intermittent claudication (n = 150) or critical limb ischemia (n = 25) who underwent femoropopliteal artery implantation of nitinol (n = 104) or stainless steel (n = 123) stents in a nonrandomized setting. The stents were placed owing to either significant residual stenosis (ie, >30% lumen diameter reduction) or flow-limiting dissection after initial balloon angioplasty of the femoropopliteal artery. Patients were followed up for a median period of 9 months (mean, 13 months; range, 6-66 months) for the detection of a first in-stent restenosis, defined as a greater than 50% lumen diameter reduction that was seen at color-coded duplex ultrasonography and confirmed at angiography.

RESULTS:

Cumulative patency rates at 6, 12, and 24 months were 85%, 75%, and 69%, respectively, after nitinol stent placement versus 78%, 54%, and 34%, respectively, after stainless steel stent placement (P =.008, log-rank test). There were no statistically significant differences in associated patency among the three different nitinol stents used (P =.72, log-rank test). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, in which the effect of propensity to receive a nitinol stent was considered, revealed a significantly reduced risk of restenosis with the nitinol stents compared with the risk of restenosis with the stainless steel stents (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.44; 95% confidence interval: 0.22, 0.85; P =.014).

CONCLUSION:

Nitinol stents are associated with significantly improved primary patency rates in femoropopliteal arteries compared with stainless steel stents. Randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these results.

Copyright RSNA, 2004

PMID:
15286322
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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