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J Clin Oncol. 2004 Aug 1;22(15):3163-71.

Long-term silicone central venous catheters impregnated with minocycline and rifampin decrease rates of catheter-related bloodstream infection in cancer patients: a prospective randomized clinical trial.

Author information

  • 1The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Infectious Diseases, 1515 Holcombe Blvd, Houston, TX 77030, USA. hhanna@mdanderson.org

Erratum in

  • J Clin Oncol. 2005 May 20;23(15):3652.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the efficacy of long-term nontunneled silicone catheters impregnated with minocycline and rifampin (M-R) in reducing catheter-related bloodstream infections.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

This prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial was conducted at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, a tertiary care hospital in Houston, TX. All patients in the trial had a malignancy.

RESULTS:

Between September 1999 and May 2002, 356 assessable catheters were used: 182 M-R and 174 nonimpregnated. The patients' characteristics were comparable between the two study groups. The mean (+/- standard deviation) duration of catheterization with M-R catheters was comparable to that of nonimpregnated catheters (66.21 +/- 30.88 v 63.01 +/- 30.80 days). A total of 17 catheter-related bloodstream infections occurred during the course of the study. Three were associated with the use of M-R catheters and 14 were associated with the nonimpregnated catheters, with a rate of catheter-related bloodstream infection of 0.25 and 1.28/1,000 catheter-days, respectively (P = .003). Gram-positive cocci accounted for the majority of the organisms causing the infections. There were no allergic reactions associated with M-R catheters.

CONCLUSION:

Long-term nontunneled central venous catheters impregnated with minocycline and rifampin are efficacious and safe in reducing catheter-related bloodstream infections in cancer patients.

Copyright 2004 American Society of Clinical Onocology

PMID:
15284269
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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