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Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Aug;24(16):7151-62.

Glut4 storage vesicles without Glut4: transcriptional regulation of insulin-dependent vesicular traffic.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Boston University School of Medicine, MA 02118, USA.

Abstract

Two families of transcription factors that play a major role in the development of adipocytes are the CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), in particular PPAR gamma. Ectopic expression of either C/EBP alpha or PPAR gamma in NIH 3T3 fibroblasts results in the conversion of these cells to adipocyte-like cells replete with fat droplets. NIH 3T3 cells ectopically expressing C/EBP alpha (NIH-C/EBP alpha) differentiate into adipocytes and exhibit insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, whereas NIH 3T3 cells ectopically expressing PPAR gamma (NIH-PPAR gamma) differentiate but do not exhibit any insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, nor do they express any C/EBP alpha. The reason for the lack of insulin-responsive glucose uptake in the NIH-PPAR gamma cells is their virtual lack of the insulin-responsive glucose transporter, Glut4. The NIH-PPAR gamma cells express functionally active components of the insulin receptor-signaling pathway (the insulin receptor, IRS-1, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and Akt2) at levels comparable to those in responsive cell lines. They also express components of the insulin-sensitive vesicular transport machinery, namely, VAMP2, syntaxin-4, and IRAP, the last of these being the other marker of insulin-regulated vesicular traffic along with Glut4. Interestingly, the NIH-PPAR gamma cells show normal insulin-dependent translocation of IRAP and form an insulin-responsive vesicular compartment as assessed by cell surface biotinylation and sucrose velocity gradient analysis, respectively. Moreover, expression of a Glut4-myc construct in the NIH-PPAR gamma cells results in its insulin-dependent translocation to the plasma membrane as assessed by immunofluorescence and Western blot analysis. Based on these data, we conclude that major role of C/EBP alpha in the context of the NIH-PPAR gamma cells is to regulate Glut4 expression. The differentiated cells possess a large insulin-sensitive vesicular compartment with negligible Glut4, and Glut4 translocation can be reconstituted on expression of this transporter.

PMID:
15282314
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC479711
Free PMC Article

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