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Mol Cancer Res. 2004 Jul;2(7):403-16.

Interleukin-10 induced activating transcription factor 3 transcriptional suppression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 gene expression in human prostate CPTX-1532 Cells.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Drexel University, MS 435, 15th and Vine Streets, Philadelphia, PA 19085, USA.


Aberrant expression of the 72-kDa type IV collagenase [matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2] is implicated in the invasion and angiogenesis process of malignant tumors. We investigated the effects of interleukin (IL)-10 on MMP-2 expression in CPTX-1532 human prostate tumor cells. Our results demonstrate that IL-10 significantly inhibited MMP-2 transcription and protein expression induced by a phorbol ester, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. The inhibitory effects of IL-10 on MMP-2 expression correlated with the suppression of MMP-2 promoter activity. To determine the mechanism of IL-10 action, we examined IL-10-dependent promoter activity with luciferase constructs from a 2-kbp promoter region of the human MMP-2 gene. We functionally characterized the promoter fragments by transient transfection experiments with CPTX-1532 cells. The experiments revealed that a cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) consensus domain was identified upstream of the 5' transcriptional start site, which was highly responsive to IL-10-dependent down-regulation of promoter luciferase activity. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays combined with antibody "supershift assays" confirmed the data from the luciferase assays. Immunoblot assays of activating transcription factor (ATF) 3 immunoprecipitates with tyrosine specific antibodies revealed that IL-10 stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of ATF3 to activate binding to the CREB domain and suppress MMP-2 expression. Studies with stable, IL-10 transfected CPTX-1532 subclones further showed that IL-10 failed to suppress MMP-2 expression in ATF3-deficient CPTX-1532 cells, where the ATF3 mRNA was destroyed with a DNAzyme oligonucleotide targeting the 5' region of the mRNA. Finally, reconstitution of ATF3 successfully restored the inhibitory effects of IL-10 on MMP-2 gene expression. Taken together, these data demonstrate the critical role of tyrosine phosphorylated ATF3 and the CREB consensus domain in IL-10 suppression of MMP-2 gene expression in primary human prostate tumor cells.

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