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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004 Aug;45(8):2660-5.

Lamina cribrosa thickness and spatial relationships between intraocular space and cerebrospinal fluid space in highly myopic eyes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Clinical Medicine Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany. jost.jonas@augen.ma.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the spatial relationships of the intraocular space, the cerebrospinal fluid space, and the lamina cribrosa in highly myopic eyes.

METHODS:

The study included 36 human globes with an axial length of more than 26.5 mm that showed marked glaucomatous optic nerve damage (n = 29; highly myopic glaucomatous group) or in which the optic nerve was affected by neither glaucoma nor any other disease (n = 7; highly myopic normal group). Two non-highly myopic control groups included 53 globes enucleated because of malignant choroidal melanoma (n = 42; non-highly myopic normal group) or because of painful absolute secondary angle-closure glaucoma (n = 11; non-highly myopic glaucomatous group). Anterior-posterior histologic sections through the pupil and the optic disc were morphometrically evaluated.

RESULTS:

In both highly myopic groups compared with both non-highly myopic groups and in the highly myopic glaucomatous group compared with the highly myopic normal group, the lamina cribrosa was significantly (P < 0.001) thinner. Correspondingly, the distance between the intraocular space and the cerebrospinal fluid space was significantly (P < 0.05) shorter in the highly myopic normal group than in the non-highly myopic normal group and in the highly myopic glaucomatous group than in the highly myopic normal group.

CONCLUSIONS:

In highly myopic eyes, the lamina cribrosa is significantly thinner than in non-highly myopic eyes, which decreases the distance between the intraocular space and the cerebrospinal fluid space and steepens the translaminar pressure gradient at a given intraocular pressure, which may explain the increased susceptibility to glaucoma in highly myopic eyes. As in non-highly myopic eyes, thinning of the lamina cribrosa gets more pronounced in highly myopic eyes if glaucoma is also present.

PMID:
15277489
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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