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Neuropharmacology. 2004 Sep;47(3):414-26.

Striatal adenosine A(2A) receptor blockade increases extracellular dopamine release following l-DOPA administration in intact and dopamine-denervated rats.

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  • 1Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, 12 Smetna Street, 31343 Krakow, Poland.


The influence of the selective adenosine A(2A) receptor antagonist ZM 241385 on exogenous l-DOPA-derived dopamine (DA) release in intact and dopamine-denervated rats was studied using an in vivo microdialysis in freely moving animals. Local infusion of l-DOPA (2.5 microM) produced a marked increase in striatal extracellular DA level in intact and malonate-lesioned rats. Intrastriatal perfusion of ZM 241385 (50-100 microM) had no effect on basal extracellular DA level, but enhanced dose-dependently the l-DOPA-induced DA release in intact and malonate-lesioned animals. A non-selective adenosine A(2A) receptor antagonist DMPX (100 microM), similarly to ZM 241385, accelerated conversion of l-DOPA in intact and malonate-denervated rats. This effect was not produced by the adenosine A(1) receptor antagonist, CPX (10-50 microM). However, ZM 241385 did not affect the l-DOPA-induced DA release in rats pretreated with reserpine (5 mg/kg i.p.) and alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (AMPT, 300 mg/kg i.p.). Obtained results indicate that blockade of striatal adenosine A(2A) receptors increases the l-DOPA-derived DA release possibly by indirect mechanism exerted on DA terminals, an effect dependent on striatal tyrosine hydroxylase activity. Selective antagonists of adenosine A(2A) receptors may exert a beneficial effect at early stages of Parkinson's disease by enhancing the therapeutic efficacy of l-DOPA applied exogenously.

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