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J Infect Dis. 1992 Oct;166(4):769-75.

Immunogenicity of recombinant adenovirus-respiratory syncytial virus vaccines with adenovirus types 4, 5, and 7 vectors in dogs and a chimpanzee.

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  • 1Division of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Wyeth-Ayerst Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19101.

Abstract

Recombinant adenovirus type 4, 5, and 7 expressing the fusion glycoprotein (F) gene, the attachment glycoprotein (G) gene, or both F and G genes of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was constructed. Intratracheal immunization of dogs with Ad7F induced moderate titers of RSV-neutralizing antibodies. After booster immunization with Ad4F, the dogs developed high titers of RSV-specific antibody. Subsequently, three two-dose vaccination regimens, Ad4F/Ad5F, Ad7G/Ad4G, and Ad7FG/Ad4FG, were compared with Ad7F/Ad4F for immunogenicity and protective efficacy. The results indicated that Ad4F/Ad5F was equal or greater in immunogenicity to Ad7F/Ad4F, but Ad7G/Ad4G and Ad7FG/Ad4FG were less effective than Ad7F/Ad4F in inducing RSV-neutralizing antibody. All vaccination regimens completely protected the lungs of dogs from RSV infection. A chimpanzee was sequentially immunized orally with Ad7F, Ad4F, and Ad5F. A low-level antibody response to RSV was induced after the primary immunization, but no significant increases were observed after booster immunizations.

PMID:
1527411
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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