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Oncogene. 2004 Sep 16;23(42):7116-24.

Role of pescadillo in the transformation and immortalization of mammalian cells.

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  • 1Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, 233 S. 10th Street, 624 BLSB, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.


The murine and human homologs of the zebrafish pescadillo protein (Pes1 and PES1, respectively) play important roles in ribosome biogenesis and DNA replication. We investigated the effect of Pes1 on the growth of mouse embryo (3T3-like) fibroblasts and conditionally immortalized human fibroblasts expressing the SV40 T antigen (AR5 cells). Increased expression of Pes1 causes transformation of mouse and human fibroblasts in culture (colony formation in soft agar). Although Pes1 can replace the SV40 T antigen in inducing colony formation in soft agar, it cannot substitute the T antigen in the immortalization of human fibroblasts, indicating that it distinguishes between the two functions. As the biological effects of Pes1 are similar to those of the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), we investigated the interactions of Pes1 with IRS-1 itself and with the SV40 T antigen. The Pes1 protein (which localizes to the nuclei and nucleoli of cells) interacts with both IRS-1 and the SV40 T antigen, and markedly decreases the interaction of T antigen with p53. Taken together, these results suggest mechanisms for the ability of Pes1 to transform cells, and its failure to immortalize them.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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