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Anticancer Drugs. 2004 Aug;15(7):725-8.

Treatment of advanced digestive non-colon cancer with a weekly 24-h infusion of high-dose 5-fluorouracil modulated by folinic acid and cisplatin: an easy-to-use and well-tolerated combination.

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  • 1Gastroenterology Unit, Institut Jules Bordet, Free University of Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

The combination of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) modulated by folinic acid (FA) and cisplatin is commonly used in advanced digestive non-colon cancers (ADNCC). In order to simplify treatment administration by avoiding cisplatin-related hydration, we investigated a weekly regimen of 5-FU/FA/cisplatin. Patients with ADNCC were treated with 5-FU 2.0 g/m2, FA 500 mg/m2 and cisplatin 25 mg/m2 day 1, for 6 weeks with a 2-week rest, and were assessed for toxicity, tumor response and disease-free survival. Forty-three patients with measurable ADNCC were treated with this weekly regimen. Primary tumor sites were mainly esophagus (n = 17), stomach (n = 12) and pancreas (n = 9). Results were as follows. Toxicity was mostly hematological, with 16% grade 3/4 neutropenia (seven of 43) and 4% febrile neutropenia (two of 43). Objective response (OR) was observed in 19 of 43 (44%) patients including four complete responses (9%) and 15 partial responses (35%). Another 18 patients (42%) experienced stable disease. Time to progression was 6.5 months. The median response and stable disease durations were 4.3 (range 3-34) and 5 (range 2-16) months, respectively. We conclude that weekly administration of 5-FU/FA/cisplatin is an active and well-tolerated regimen. Toxicity is manageable and allows chemotherapy on an outpatient basis without hydration program as required when cisplatin is used at the dose of 50 mg/m2.

PMID:
15269605
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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