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Nat Biotechnol. 2004 Aug;22(8):977-84. Epub 2004 Jul 18.

Polyvalent dendrimer glucosamine conjugates prevent scar tissue formation.

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  • 1Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, Ducane Road, London, W12 0NN, UK. s.shaunak@imperial.ac.uk

Abstract

Dendrimers are hyperbranched macromolecules that can be chemically synthesized to have precise structural characteristics. We used anionic, polyamidoamine, generation 3.5 dendrimers to make novel water-soluble conjugates of D(+)-glucosamine and D(+)-glucosamine 6-sulfate with immuno-modulatory and antiangiogenic properties respectively. Dendrimer glucosamine inhibited Toll-like receptor 4-mediated lipopolysaccharide induced synthesis of pro-inflammatory chemokines (MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, IL-8) and cytokines (TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6) from human dendritic cells and macrophages but allowed upregulation of the costimulatory molecules CD25, CD80, CD83 and CD86. Dendrimer glucosamine 6-sulfate blocked fibroblast growth factor-2 mediated endothelial cell proliferation and neoangiogenesis in human Matrigel and placental angiogenesis assays. When dendrimer glucosamine and dendrimer glucosamine 6-sulfate were used together in a validated and clinically relevant rabbit model of scar tissue formation after glaucoma filtration surgery, they increased the long-term success of the surgery from 30% to 80% (P = 0.029). We conclude that synthetically engineered macromolecules such as the dendrimers described here can be tailored to have defined immuno-modulatory and antiangiogenic properties, and they can be used synergistically to prevent scar tissue formation.

PMID:
15258595
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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