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Cancer. 1992 Oct 1;70(7):1974-9.

Carboplatin, methotrexate, and vinblastine in patients with bladder cancer who were ineligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy.

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  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Hospital Valle Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.



A Phase II trial with a new regimen of methotrexate, carboplatin, and vinblastine (M-CAVI) was conducted for patients with bladder cancer who could not receive cisplatin-based chemotherapy.


Treatment consisted of methotrexate (30 mg/m2) on days 1, 15, and 22; carboplatin (300 mg/m2) on day 2; and vinblastine (3 mg/m2) on days 2, 15, and 22, scheduled at 28-day intervals. The dosage of carboplatin was adjusted for creatinine clearance. Twenty-five patients with metastatic (n = 9) or locally advanced or locoregional bladder cancer with a poor prognosis (n = 16) were treated with M-CAVI. Fifteen patients had abnormal serum creatinine levels, 4 had a low performance status, 3 had cardiac disease, and 3 were older than 70 years old.


Among 23 patients assessable for clinical response, the response rate was 48%. The median duration of response for metastatic disease was 7 months. Among nine patients assessable for pathologic response, there were two complete responses and three partial responses. The toxic effects have been moderate.


M-CAVI is an active and well-tolerated regimen that can be used in patients with bladder cancer who are ineligible to receive cisplatin-based chemotherapy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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