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Sequence of horse (Equus caballus) apoA-II. Another example of a dimer forming apolipoprotein.

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  • 1Boyer Hall, The Molecular Biology Institute and The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.


Apolipoprotein A-II, the second major apolipoprotein of human HDL, also has been observed in a variety of mammals; however, it is either present in trace amounts or absent in other mammals. In humans and chimpanzee, and probably in other great apes, apoA-II with a cysteine at residue 6 is able to form a homodimer. In other primates as well as other mammals, apoA-II, lacking a cysteine residue, is monomeric. However, horse HDL has been reported to contain dimeric apoA-II that following reduction forms monomers. In this report, we extend these observations by reporting on the first complete sequence for a horse apolipoprotein and by demonstrating that horse apoA-II also contains a cysteine residue at position 6. Both the intact protein and its enzymatic fragments were analyzed by chemical sequence analysis and time-of-flight MALDI-MS (matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry). We also obtained molecular mass data on dimeric and monomeric apoA-II using electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The data are compared with other mammalian sequences of apoA-II and are discussed in terms of resulting similarities and variations in the primary sequences.

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