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J Biol Chem. 2004 Sep 17;279(38):39838-45. Epub 2004 Jul 13.

A novel phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI)/phosphomannose isomerase from the crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum is a member of the PGI superfamily: structural evidence at 1.16-A resolution.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA.


The crystal structure of a dual specificity phosphoglucose isomerase (PGI)/phosphomannose isomerase from Pyrobaculum aerophilum (PaPGI/PMI) has been determined in native form at 1.16-A resolution and in complex with the enzyme inhibitor 5-phosphoarabinonate at 1.45-A resolution. The similarity of its fold, with the inner core structure of PGIs from eubacterial and eukaryotic sources, confirms this enzyme as a member of the PGI superfamily. The almost total conservation of amino acids in the active site, including the glutamate base catalyst, shows that PaPGI/PMI uses the same catalytic mechanisms for both ring opening and isomerization for the interconversion of glucose 6-phosphate (Glc-6-P) to fructose 6-phosphate (Fru-6-P). The lack of structural differences between native and inhibitor-bound enzymes suggests this activity occurs without any of the conformational changes that are the hallmark of the well characterized PGI family. The lack of a suitable second base in the active site of PaPGI/PMI argues against a PMI mechanism involving a trans-enediol intermediate. Instead, PMI activity may be the result of additional space in the active site imparted by a threonine, in place of a glutamine in other PGI enzymes, which could permit rotation of the C-2-C-3 bond of mannose 6-phosphate.

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