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Transplant Proc. 2004 Jun;36(5):1336-9.

Immunological monitoring of posttransplant allograft sensitization following living related donor renal transplantation.

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  • 1Department of Transplant Immunology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.


A better understanding of the immunobiological processes and predictors of graft rejection holds promise for development of new therapeutic strategies and also for individualization of immunosuppression. The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical relevance of immune parameters, such as recipient sensitization status, donor-specific antibodies, and anti-HLA antibodies, which are major predictors of graft outcome following renal transplantation. Sera from 264 renal recipients at different posttransplant period were included for detection of anti-donor antibodies (by flowcytometry); anti-HLA, antibody (by ELISA), and panel-reactive antibodies (PRA) by complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) methods. Graft survival was analyzed in relation to posttransplant PRA at 2 years follow-up time: overall survival was significantly compromised in the highly sensitized group (group III) compared to the other two groups (overall chi2 = 24.20, P = 5.5 x 10(-06)). Flow cytometric cross-matches revealed the presence of anti-donor class I antibodies (T+) in 39 patients who had a poor graft survival of 51% compared with 85% survival in 225 antibody-negative patients. (chi2 = 22.260, P = 2.381 x 10(-.06)). Further analysis was performed based on the presence or absence of FCXM and ELISA-detected antibodies. Recipients belonging to group I (ELISA+/FCXM+) showed significantly lower graft survival (43%) compared with that observed in group II, which were essentially nonsensitized individuals (90%; P = 3.1 x 10(-08)). The graft survival in the ELISA-/FCXM+ group was 63%, which was significantly lower than that in group II (P = 5.14 x 10(-03)). Group IV (ELISA+/FCXM-) including 38 (14%) serum samples with nondonor but HLA-specific antibodies was associated with significantly poorer graft survival (63%) compared with group II (P = 6.6 x 10(-05)). Our data also show that while FCXM is the most sensitive test to detect donor-specific antibodies, the ELISA method offers the additional advantage of detecting anti-HLA class-I antibodies, which are detrimental for renal graft survival. Thus the use of multiple parameters to assess recipient immune profile can predict graft outcome more accurately thus helping the individualization and optimization of immunosuppression.

Copyright 2004 Elsevier Inc.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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