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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2004 Oct;3(10):970-83. Epub 2004 Jul 12.

Large-scale identification of tubulin-binding proteins provides insight on subcellular trafficking, metabolic channeling, and signaling in plant cells.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada.

Abstract

Microtubules play an essential role in the growth and development of plants and are known to be involved in regulating many cellular processes ranging from translation to signaling. In this article, we describe the proteomic characterization of Arabidopsis tubulin-binding proteins that were purified using tubulin affinity chromatography. Microtubule co-sedimentation assays indicated that most, if not all, of the proteins in the tubulin-binding protein fraction possessed microtubule-binding activity. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of the tubulin-binding protein fraction was performed, and 86 protein spots were excised and analyzed for protein identification. A total of 122 proteins were identified with high confidence using LC-MS/MS. These proteins were grouped into six categories based on their predicted functions: microtubule-associated proteins, translation factors, RNA-binding proteins, signaling proteins, metabolic enzymes, and proteins with other functions. Almost one-half of the proteins identified in this fraction were related to proteins that have previously been reported to interact with microtubules. This study represents the first large-scale proteomic identification of eukaryotic cytoskeleton-binding proteins, and provides insight on subcellular trafficking, metabolic channeling, and signaling in plant cells.

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