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Am J Public Health. 2004 Jun;94(6):1027-9.

Project D.A.R.E. outcome effectiveness revisited.

Author information

  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Counseling, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1112 East Clay St, Box 980330, Richmond, VA 23298-0330, USA. slwest2@vcu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We provide an updated meta-analysis on the effectiveness of Project D.A.R.E. in preventing alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use among school-aged youths.

METHODS:

We used meta-analytic techniques to create an overall effect size for D.A.R.E. outcome evaluations reported in scientific journals.

RESULTS:

The overall weighted effect size for the included D.A.R.E. studies was extremely small (correlation coefficient = 0.011; Cohen d = 0.023; 95% confidence interval = -0.04, 0.08) and nonsignificant (z = 0.73, NS).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study supports previous findings indicating that D.A.R.E. is ineffective.

PMID:
15249310
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1448384
Free PMC Article

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