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J Biol Chem. 2004 Sep 24;279(39):40882-9. Epub 2004 Jul 9.

Lipoteichoic acid and toll-like receptor 2 internalization and targeting to the Golgi are lipid raft-dependent.

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  • 1Infection and Immunity Group, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, United Kingdom.


Lipoteichoic acid (LTA), a key cell wall component of Gram-positive bacteria, seems to function as an immune activator with characteristics very similar to lipopolysaccharide from Gram-negative bacteria. It has been shown that LTA binds CD14 and triggers activation via Toll-like receptor 2, but whether the activation occurs at the cell surface or internalization is required to trigger signaling has yet to be demonstrated. In this work we have investigated LTA binding and internalization and found that LTA and its receptor molecules accumulate in lipid rafts and are subsequently targeted rapidly to the Golgi apparatus. This internalization seems to be lipid raft-dependent because raft-disrupting drugs inhibited LTA/Toll-like receptor 2 colocalization in the Golgi. Similarly to lipopolysaccharide, LTA activation occurs at the cell surface, and the observed trafficking is independent of signaling.

Copyright 2004 American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

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