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Transplantation. 2004 May 27;77(10):1604-9.

Detection of vimentin-specific autoreactive CD8+ T cells in cardiac transplant patients.

Author information

  • 1The Anthony Nolan Research Institute, Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street, Hampstead, London NW3 2QG, United Kingdom. l.barber@rfc.ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Evidence is emerging that autoimmunity can play a role in allograft rejection. Reports have described the presence of autoantibodies in transplant patients and CD4+ autoreactive T cells in rodent models of allograft rejection. The objective of this study was to seek evidence of CD8+ T-cell-mediated autoimmunity in the transplant setting. The author have previously observed autoimmunity to the non-polymorphic cytoskeletal protein vimentin in cardia transplant patients. In this study, vimentin antibody positive patients were screened for the presence of vimentin-specific self-major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted CD8+ T cells.

METHODS:

Two peptide sequences from vimentin that bound HLA-A*0201 were identified and fluorochrome-labeled A*0201 tetramers with each peptide were constructed to screen for vimentin-specific T cells.

RESULTS:

Tetramer-binding CD8+ T cells were detected in peripheral blood lymphocytes from two of six patients after expansion by in vitro stimulation with peptide. Tetramer-binding T cells produced interferon-gamma in an antigen-specific fashion. No autoreactive T cells specific for vimentin were detected after peptide stimulation of T cells from eight healthy A*0201-positive volunteers.

CONCLUSIONS:

This finding is the first evidence of CD8+ T-cell-mediated autoimmunity in human transplant patients.

PMID:
15239629
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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