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Vaccine. 1992;10(10):673-6.

Initial safety and immunogenicity studies of an oral recombinant adenohepatitis B vaccine.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, 21201.


Orally administered adenovirus may be a useful vaccine carrier of cloned antigens of other pathogens. A recombinant adenohepatitis vaccine Wy-Ad7HZ6-1, which expressed hepatitis B surface antigen and contained a large deletion in early region 3 (E3), was constructed and studied in humans. Volunteers received Wy-Ad7HZ6-1 (n = 3), adenovirus type 7 vaccine (n = 3) or placebo (n = 3). Recipients of Wy-Ad7HZ6-1 shed less vaccine virus in the stool for a shorter period and had a lower titre of anti-adenovirus type 7 antibodies than recipients of the adenovirus 7 vaccine. None of the three Wy-Ad7HZ6-1 vaccinees developed antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen after this one dose primary immunization regimen. The E3 region may be required for optimal enteric growth of adenovirus-vectored vaccines.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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