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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2004 Sep;19(9):2250-8. Epub 2004 Jul 6.

Hypertension in HIV-1-infected patients and its impact on renal and cardiovascular integrity.

Author information

  • 1Klinikum der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universit├Ąt, Medizinische Klinik IV, Funktionsbereich Nephrologie, D-60590 Frankfurt/Main, Germany. jung@zphys1.uni-frankfurt.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

With increasing life spans of HIV-infected individuals under highly active antiretroviral therapy, long-term consequences of the chronic infection and antiretroviral treatment are becoming more prevalent. Data on prevalence and consequences of hypertension are limited, but recent studies suggest that HIV-infected individuals are at a higher risk of developing hypertension.

METHODS:

In this prospective study, HIV-1-infected patients from the Frankfurt AIDS Cohort Study (FACS) were followed for 1 year to determine the frequency of systemic hypertension and to assess the associated clinical and demographic factors.

RESULTS:

A total 214 HIV-1-infected patients, predominantly Caucasian males, participated in the study. Prevalence of systemic hypertension was 29%. The groups of hypertensive and normotensive individuals were comparable in terms of ethnic background and duration of infection. As in the general population, hypertensive subjects were older (49.1+/-11.1 vs 39.0+/-8.1 years; P<0.0001) and waist-to-hip ratio was higher than in normotensive individuals (0.99+/-0.07 vs 0.93+/-0.08; P<0.0001). Hypertension was associated with a much higher frequency of persistent proteinuria (41.1% vs 2.8%; P<0.001), coronary heart disease (16.1% vs 1.3%; P<0.0001) and myocardial infarction (8.1% vs 0.7%; P<0.005), whereas most cardiovascular risk factors were similar in both groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data do not demonstrate any association between the presence of hypertension and antiretroviral therapy or immune status. However, hypertension seems to have a high impact on the existing risk for premature cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, overt proteinuria is frequent in HIV-1 infection with hypertension and might be due to hypertensive nephrosclerosis as well as yet undefined renal disease in these patients.

PMID:
15238630
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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