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Physiol Behav. 2004 Aug;82(1):123-30.

Behavioral models of binge-type eating.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 126 South Henderson, University Park, PA 16802, USA. rxc13@psu.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To describe and evaluate behavioral models of binge-type eating.

DATA IDENTIFICATION:

Studies were identified using Medline and hand searches of bibliographies of identified articles.

STUDY SELECTION:

Isomorphic studies were selected that were judged to have some measure of construct validity.

DATA EXTRACTION:

Face and construct validity were assessed, as well as simplicity and cost of use.

RESULTS OF DATA SYNTHESIS:

Several different models of binge-type eating exist, each with different strengths of validity and use. These include models using sham feeding, restriction/refeeding cycles and/or stress, limited access (LA) to optional foods, and eating induced by operant schedules of behavior.

CONCLUSIONS:

We concur with Harry Harlow, who was quoted by Gerry Smith as saying: "You'd be crazy to use animal models, but you'd also be crazy not to use them."

PMID:
15234600
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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