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Neuron. 2004 Jul 8;43(1):57-67.

The AP-1 transcription factor c-Jun is required for efficient axonal regeneration.

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  • 1Perinatal Brain Repair Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College London, 86-96 Chenies Mews, London WC1E 6HX, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Nerve injury triggers numerous changes in the injured neurons and surrounding nonneuronal cells that ultimately result in successful target reinnervation or cell death. c-Jun is a component of the heterodimeric AP-1 transcription factor, and c-Jun is highly expressed in response to neuronal trauma. Here we have investigated the role of c-jun during axonal regeneration using mice lacking c-jun in the central nervous system. After transection of the facial nerve, the absence of c-Jun caused severe defects in several aspects of the axonal response, including perineuronal sprouting, lymphocyte recruitment, and microglial activation. c-Jun-deficient motorneurons were atrophic, resistant to axotomy-induced cell death, and showed reduced target muscle reinnervation. Expression of CD44, galanin, and alpha7beta1 integrin, molecules known to be involved in regeneration, was greatly impaired, suggesting a mechanism for c-Jun-mediated axonal growth. Taken together, our results identify c-Jun as an important regulator of axonal regeneration in the injured central nervous system.

PMID:
15233917
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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