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Radiology. 1992 Oct;185(1):163-8.

Evaluation of radiation-induced liver injury with MR imaging: comparison of hepatocellular and reticuloendothelial contrast agents.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of California San Francisco 94143-0628.


Gadolinium (4s)-4-(4-ethoxybenzyl-3,6,9-tris(carboxylato-methyl)-3,6,9- triazaudecandioic acid (EOB) diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), a hepatocellular-directed magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent, and coated superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (SPIO), a Kupffer cell-directed contrast agent, were compared for uptake and enhancement in a rodent model of radiation-induced liver injury. A single x-irradiation exposure (50-70 Gy) was delivered to one side of the liver in 18 rats. MR imaging was performed 3 days after x irradiation with sequential injections of the two contrast agents in the same rats. Additionally, biliary excretion of Gd-EOB-DTPA was quantified after whole-liver irradiation in five rats. Electron microscopy of the irradiated liver demonstrated mitochondrial injury in both hepatocyte and Kupffer cell populations. With Gd-EOB-DTPA, however, liver enhancement and biliary excretion were not affected by irradiation. Uptake of SPIO was decreased in the irradiated portion of the liver, with a precise demarcation between irradiated and nonirradiated zones at MR imaging.

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