Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circulation. 2004 Jul 20;110(3):271-7. Epub 2004 Jun 28.

Prognostic implication of anemia on in-hospital outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention.

Author information

  • 1Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium (BMC2), USA.



Although prior studies have shown a relationship between anemia and in-hospital mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting and acute myocardial infarction (MI), the prognostic implication of anemia in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between anemia and outcomes of PCI.


Clinical and outcome data on 48,851 consecutive PCIs were prospectively collected. Patients were classified as anemic using the World Health Organization definition (<12.0 g/dL in women and <13.0 g/dL in men). A total of 6471 men (21.7%) and 4659 women (30.4%) were anemic. Anemic men and women were older and had a higher percentage of comorbidities compared with their nonanemic cohorts (P<0.0001 for all comparisons). When compared with nonanemic patients, anemic patients had higher in-hospital mortality (3.0% versus 0.8% in men; 2.4% versus 1.5% in women; P< or =0.0001) and postprocedural MI (2.0% versus 1.6% in men; 2.4% versus 1.6% in women; P< or =0.02) and a higher combined major cardiovascular events end point, including death, MI, and cerebrovascular event (5.0% versus 2.6% in men; 5.1% versus 3.5% in women; P<0.0001). After adjustment for comorbidities, anemia was associated with a higher risk of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR], 2.29; 95% CI, 1.79 to 2.92; P<0.0001) and MI (OR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.05 to 1.72; P=0.02) and major cardiovascular events (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.05 to 1.34). Significant gender interactions were observed for death in men and for MI in women.


Preprocedural anemia is associated with increased adverse in-hospital outcomes after PCI. Whether optimization of hemoglobin before PCI is of clinical benefit will need to be determined in a randomized clinical trial.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk