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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 May;89-90(1-5):127-30.

Regulation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1alpha-hydroxylase by epidermal growth factor in prostate cells.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Endocrine Division, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA.


Accumulating data suggest that local production of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1alpha,25(OH)(2)D) could provide an important cell growth regulatory mechanism in an autocrine fashion in prostate cells. Previously, we demonstrated a differential expression of 1alpha-OHase enzymatic activity among noncancerous (PZHPV-7) and cancer cells (PC-3, DU145, LNCaP), which appears to correlate with 1alpha-OHase m-RNA synthesis and its promoter activities. Since it is well-established that EGF regulates the proliferation of prostate cells via autocrine and paracrine loops and 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D inhibites prostate cell proliferation, we investigated if EGF also regulated 1alpha-OHase expression in prostate cells. We found that EGF upregulated 1alpha-OHase promoter activity and enzyme activity in PZ-HPV-7 and that 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) inhibited EGF-dependent up-regulation of 1alpha-OHase enzymatic activity. Moreover, the EGF-stimulated promoter activity was inhibited 70% by the MAPKK inhibitor, PD98059, suggesting that the MAPK pathway may be one pathway involved in the regulation of prostatic 1alpha-OHase by EGF to increase1alpha,25(OH)(2)D synthesis as a feedback regulator of cell growth. Because EGF has no effect on 1alpha-OHase promoter activity in LNCaP cells, we propose that the ability of EGF to stimulate 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D synthesis may be abolished or diminished in cancer cells.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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