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J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Jul 7;126(26):8266-74.

Activation of C-H / H-H bonds by rhodium(II) porphyrin bimetalloradicals.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6323, USA.


Reactivity, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies are reported for reactions of a rhodium(II) bimetalloradical with H(2), and with the methyl C-H bonds for a series of substrates CH(3)R (R = H, CH(3), OH, C(6)H(5)) using a m-xylyl diether tethered diporphyrin ligand. Bimolecular substrate reactions involving the intramolecular use of two metalloradical centers and preorganization of the four-centered transition state (M*...X...Y*...M) result in large rate enhancements as compared to termolecular reactions of monometalloradicals. Activation parameters and deuterium kinetic isotope effects for the substrate reactions are reported. The C-H bond reactions become less thermodynamically favorable as the substrate steric requirements increase, and the activation free energy (DeltaG++) decreases regularly as DeltaG degrees becomes more favorable. An absolute Rh-H bond dissociation enthalpy of 61.1 +/- 0.4 kcal mol(-1) is directly determined, and the derived Rh-CH(2)R BDE values increase regularly with the increase in the C-H BDE.

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