Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2004 Jul;58(3):386-95.

Tributyltin-sulfhydryl interaction as a cause of immunotoxicity in phagocytes of tunicates.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biology, University of Padova, Via Ugo Bassi 58/B, Padova 35131, Italy.


We reported elsewhere that tributyltin (TBT) has detrimental effects on the immune system of the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri, through interaction with calmodulin and alteration of Ca2+ homeostasis. Here, we studied the capability of TBT to react with intracellular thiols. After exposure to 0.1 microM TBT, a significant decrease in B. schlosseri hemocytes stained for total thiols and reduced glutathione (GSH) was detected. Exogenous sulfhydryl and sulfide compounds can prevent TBT-induced cell morphology alterations and decrease the percentage of tin-containing hemocytes, indicating the scavenging ability of thiol peptides. No effects were observed with disulfides, N-acetylcysteine, or the GSH fragment Cys-Gly. No interactions were observed with TBT and carmustine, whereas TBT and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) showed a combined antagonistic action, suggesting direct interaction of TBT with thiol-containing compounds. Regulation of Ca2+ efflux from internal stores seems to depend on stimulation of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptor by oxidized glutathione (GSSG), which results from interactions of both TBT-GSH and TBT-GSH reductase.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk