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J Clin Gastroenterol. 2004 Jul;38(6 Suppl):S115-7.

Foods and new foods: the role of nutrition in skeletal health.

Author information

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University of Florence, Italy.

Abstract

GOALS:

The objective of this paper was to present nutrients for bone health along with traditional foods and new foods that can provide the adequate amount of such nutrients.

BACKGROUND:

Although bone mass and density are certainly determined by various concurrent factors such as genetics, hormones, physical activity, and nutrition, and although the genetic program has a critical role in growth and in bone peak development, for their realization an adequate nutritional intake of nutrients is always necessary and may represent a way to prevent bone diseases.

METHODS:

The authors collected scientific data about new possible foods containing potential nutrients for bone health besides milk, dairy products, and supplementation in tablets.

RESULTS:

There is much scientific evidence that calcium-rich mineral water, functional foods, soy products derived phytoestrogens, fortified foods, and vitamins K and E may play a important nutritional role in skeletal health.

CONCLUSION:

Currently, it is possible to provide required bone nutrient intake for bone health in population subgroups intolerant or allergic to lactose and in those individuals who need a controlled intake of calories.

PMID:
15220674
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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