Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Fertil Steril. 1992 Sep;58(3):498-503.

Relative contributions of anovulation and luteal phase defect to the reduced pregnancy rate of breastfeeding women.

Author information

  • 1Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the contribution of anovulation and luteal phase defects to lactational infertility.

DESIGN:

Prospective longitudinal follow-up.

SETTING:

Outpatient clinic.

SUBJECTS:

Forty-nine women fully nursing and amenorrheic on day 75 postpartum and 25 cycling, interval non-nursing women.

INTERVENTIONS:

Plasma prolactin, luteinizing hormone, estradiol (E2), and progesterone (P) levels twice a week up to the second postpartum menses.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Ovulation rate and endocrine profile of the menstrual cycles.

RESULTS:

Ovulation rates were 37% and 97% at 6 and 12 months postpartum; 67% of ovulations occurred in amenorrhea. The luteal phase was shorter, and E2 and P levels were lower in lactating women than in non-nursing women. These parameters were closer to normal in the second cycle than the first, in spite of active nursing. The risk of ovulation and pregnancy in amenorrhea was 27.7% and 0.9% at month 6 postpartum. After the first menses, these risks were 93% and 7%, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

The abnormal endocrine profile of the first luteal phase offers effective protection to women who ovulate during lactational amenorrhea within the first 6 months after delivery. Later luteal phases are improved and women are at risk of pregnancy.

PMID:
1521642
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk