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Mol Biol Cell. 2004 Sep;15(9):4011-22. Epub 2004 Jun 23.

Participation of the syntaxin 5/Ykt6/GS28/GS15 SNARE complex in transport from the early/recycling endosome to the trans-Golgi network.

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  • 1Membrane Biology Laboratory, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Singapore 117609, Singapore.


An in vitro transport assay, established with a modified Shiga toxin B subunit (STxB) as a marker, has proved to be useful for the study of transport from the early/recycling endosome (EE/RE) to the trans-Golgi network (TGN). Here, we modified this assay to test antibodies to all known soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) that have been shown to localize in the Golgi and found that syntaxin 5, GS28, Ykt6, and GS15 antibodies specifically inhibited STxB transport. Because syntaxin 5, GS28, Ykt6, and GS15 exist as a unique SNARE complex, our observation indicates that these four SNAREs function as a complex in EE/RE-TGN transport. The importance of GS15 in EE/RE-TGN transport was further demonstrated by a block in recombinant STxB transport in HeLa cells when GS15 expression was knocked down by its small interfering iRNA. Morphological analyses showed that some GS15 and Ykt6 were redistributed from the Golgi to the endosomes when the recycling endosome was perturbed by SNX3-overexpression, suggesting that GS15 and Ykt6 might cycle between the endosomes and the Golgi apparatus. Further studies indicated that syntaxin 5 and syntaxin 16 exerted their role in EE/RE-TGN transport in an additive manner. The kinetics of inhibition exhibited by syntaxin 16 and syntaxin 5 antibodies is similar.

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