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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004 Sep;24(9):1708-13. Epub 2004 Jun 17.

Variation in the lamin A/C gene: associations with metabolic syndrome.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201, USA. nsteinle@medicine.umaryland.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Metabolic syndrome is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The lamin A/C (LMNA) gene, mutations of which cause rare syndromes of severe insulin resistance and dyslipidemia, is located on chromosome 1q21-q24, a region linked to T2DM in several genome wide scans, including in the Old Order Amish. To determine whether polymorphisms in LMNA influence susceptibility to metabolic syndrome and its constituent components.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We performed DNA sequence analysis of LMNA. Six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified: c.141889C>T (intron 3), c.141906G>T (intron 3), A287A (c.141253T>C; exon 5), c.140353G>A (intron 6), c.139418C>T (intron 8), and H566H (c. 138747C>T; exon 10). In 971 participants from the Amish Family Diabetes Study, the H566H polymorphism of LMNA was associated with metabolic syndrome diagnosed according to National Cholesterol Education Program ATP III criteria and also higher mean fasting triglyceride and lower mean high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations. However, no differences in allele frequencies were observed for any SNP among participants with T2DM or impaired glucose homeostasis (IGH) and normoglycemic controls. Haplotype analysis showed that >87% of individuals carried 1 of 2 common LMNA haplotypes. There were no significant differences in haplotype frequencies among subjects with metabolic syndrome T2DM, IGH, and controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sequence variation in LMNA may confer modest susceptibility for development of metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia in the Amish. To determine whether polymorphisms in LMNA influence susceptibility to metabolic syndrome and its constituent components, we performed DNA analysis of polymorphisms in LMNA. The H566H polymorphism was associated with metabolic syndrome and also higher mean fasting triglyceride and lower mean HDL-cholesterol concentrations in the Old Order Amish.

PMID:
15205219
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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