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Int J Neurosci. 2004 May;114(5):623-37.

Serum testosterone, growth hormone, and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels, mental reaction time, and maximal aerobic exercise in sedentary and long-term physically trained elderly males.

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  • 1Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Manisa, Turkey.


The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of regular exercise on maximum oxygen uptake capacity (VO2max), reaction time (RT), testosterone (T), growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in athletes compared to sedentary controls. VO2max, RT, T, GH, and IGF-I levels were 31.2 +/- 6.2 ml/min/kg, 106.7 +/- 23.2 s, 8.3 +/- 1.3 ng/mL, 1.6 +/- 0.7 ng/mL, 106.5 +/- 27.0 ng/mL in master athlete group and 18.8 +/- 5.1 ml/min/kg, 148.3 +/- 39.3 s, 5.4 +/- 1.7 ng/mL, 0.8 +/- 0.3 ng/mL, 90.2 +/- 23.8 ng/mL in sedentary control group, respectively. The differences between regularly exercising males and the control group of sedentary males were found to be statistically significant. The results showed that long-term exercise decreased RT and increased VO2max, T, and GH in elderly males; elevated serum T and GH levels may be advantageous for brain functions.

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