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Int J Oncol. 2004 Jul;25(1):121-31.

Immunological evaluation of vaccination with pre-designated peptides frequently selected as vaccine candidates in an individualized peptide vaccination regimen.

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  • 1Department of Gynecology, Kurume University, School of Medicine, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan.

Abstract

We previously conducted a trial of an 'individualized' regimen, in which cancer patients were vaccinated with peptides after the confirmation of pre-existing peptide-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) precursors. In this study, we performed a new trial of 'pre-designated' regimen, in which cancer patients were vaccinated with peptides that were frequently selected as vaccine candidates in the preceding individualized regimen. Eighteen cancer patients (10 with uterine cervical cancer and 8 with gastric cancer) were enrolled in the new regimen. The pre-designated regimen was well tolerated by all patients. Although peptide-specific CTL precursors and humoral responses increased in the majority of patients with the pre-designated regimen, neither of the responses correlated with clinical outcome. Three patients had long stable disease, and their pre-vaccination peripheral blood mononuclear cells contained peptide-specific CTL precursors reactive to more than 2 of 4 peptides. With the pre-designated regimen, the levels of pre-existing immunoglobulin G reactive to non-vaccinated peptides decreased in 5 of 15 patients with progressive disease, and their time to progression was very short, whereas such a decrease was rarely observed in the preceding individualized regimen. These results suggest that the pre-designated regimen can elicit a primary immune response, but may incidentally suppress pre-existing immune responses.

PMID:
15201997
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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