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BMJ. 2004 Jun 26;328(7455):1538. Epub 2004 Jun 15.

Smokeless tobacco use, birth weight, and gestational age: population based, prospective cohort study of 1217 women in Mumbai, India.

Author information

  • 1Epidemiology Research Unit, Tata Memorial Center, Dr Ernest Borges Marg, Parel, Mumbai-400012, India.

Erratum in

  • BMJ. 2010;340:c2191. Sreevidya, S [corrected to Subramoney, Sreevidya].

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the effect of using smokeless tobacco during pregnancy on babies' birth weight and gestational age at birth.

DESIGN:

Population based, prospective cohort study using a house to house approach.

SETTING:

Eight primary health post areas in the city of Mumbai (Bombay), India.

PARTICIPANTS:

1217 women who were three to seven months pregnant and planning to deliver in the study area. 1167 women (96%) were followed up.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Birth weight and gestational age in singleton births.

RESULTS:

Smokeless tobacco use was associated with an average reduction of 105 g in birth weight (95% confidence interval 30 g to 181 g) and a reduction in gestational age of 6.2 (3.0 to 9.4) days. The odds ratio for low birth weight was 1.6 (1.1 to 2.4), adjusted by logistic regression for maternal age, education, socioeconomic status, weight, anaemia, antenatal care, and gestational age. The adjusted odds ratio for preterm delivery (< 37 weeks) was 1.4 (1.0 to 2.1); for delivery before 32 weeks it was 4.9 (2.1 to 11.8) and before 28 weeks it was 8.0 (2.6 to 27.2).

CONCLUSIONS:

Consumption of smokeless tobacco during pregnancy decreases gestational age at birth and birth weight independent of gestational age. It should receive specific attention as a part of routine prenatal care.

PMID:
15198947
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC437147
Free PMC Article

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