Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nucl Recept. 2004 Jun 14;2(1):3.

Estrogen receptor-dependent activation of AP-1 via non-genomic signalling.

Author information

  • 1Dept, of Cell and Molecular Biology, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.



Ligand-bound estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) modulate AP-1-dependent transcription via protein-protein interactions on DNA, in a manner that depends on the type of cells and the subtype of ER. We present here evidence for an additional mechanism by which ERs modulate the transcriptional activity of AP-1.


We show that ERs located in the cytoplasm efficiently activate transcription at AP-1 sites in response to 17beta-estradiol, while ERs present in the nucleus repress transcription under the same conditions. 17beta-estradiol-induced activation of the coll-73-luc reporter correlated with cytoplasmic localization of various ERalpha and ERbeta mutant receptors, and was inhibited in the presence of the full estrogen antagonist ICI 182,780 and the MAP-kinase inhibitor UO126. We also show that the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) tamoxifen is as potent as 17beta-estradiol in inducing activation of AP-1 when ERalpha is present in the cytoplasm.


These results suggest that non-genomic signalling is involved in the mechanism by which ERalpha and ERbeta influence AP-1-dependent transcription. We have previously shown that Stat3 and Stat5 are targeted by non-genomic actions of ERs, and the results presented here allow us to conclude that ERs bound to 17beta-estradiol mediate the transcriptional activation of promoters regulated by AP-1 and by Stat proteins via different combinations of signal transduction pathways. Our observations thereby provide new insights into the mechanisms by which ERs act at alternate response elements, and suggest a mechanism by which tamoxifen exerts its action as a tissue-selective agonist.

[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk