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Cell Calcium. 2004 Aug;36(2):157-64.

Stimulation of intracellular Ca2+ oscillations by diacylglycerol in human myometrial cells.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523-1680, USA.


Stimulation of G-protein coupled membrane receptors linked to phospholipase C results in production of the second messengers diacylglycerol and inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3). IP3 releases Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum, which triggers increased Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane, so-called capacitative calcium entry. DAG can also activate plasma membrane calcium-permeable channels but the mechanism is still not fully understood. In the pregnant human myometrial cell line PHM1 and in primary myometrial cells, 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG), a membrane-permeant analogue of diacylglycerol, induced variable oscillatory patterns of intracellular free Ca2+. Similar behavior was seen with Sr2+ entry. The Ca2+ oscillations were not blocked by a broad spectrum of protein kinase C inhibitors, including chelerytrine, bisindolylmaleimide I and calphostin C, and were enhanced and prolonged by RHC-80267, an inhibitor of diacylglycerol lipase. The OAG-induced oscillatory response was not dependent on Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum but required extracellular Ca2+. Our results indicate that diacylglycerol directly activates cation channels in PHM1 and primary myometrial cells and promotes intracellular Ca2+ oscillations by actions independent of intracellular Ca2+ -ATPase activity and protein kinase C involvement.

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