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J Biomol Tech. 2004 Jun;15(2):120-33.

Characterization of protein glycosylation using chip-based infusion nanoelectrospray linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry.

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  • 1Advion BioSciences, Inc. Ithaca, NY, USA.


Mass spectrometry (MS) has the potential to revolutionize structural glycobiology and help in the understanding of how post-translation events such as glycosylation affect protein activities. Several approaches to determine the structure of glycopeptides have been used successfully including fast atom bombardment, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization, and electrospray ionization with a wide variety of mass analyzers. However, the identification of glycopeptides in a complex mixture still remains a challenge. The source of this challenge is primarily due to the poor ionization efficiency and rapid degradation of glycopeptides. In this report we describe the use of a chip-based infusion nanoelectrospray ionization technique in combination with a recently developed linear ion trap for identification and characterization of glycosylation in complex mixtures. Two standard synthetic glycans were analyzed using multiple-stage fragmentation analysis in both positive and negative ionization modes. In addition, the high mannose type N-glycosylation in ribonuclease B (RNase B) was used to map the glycosylation site and obtain the glycan structures. We were able to map the glycosylation site and obtain the glycan structures in RNase B in a single analysis. The results reported here demonstrate that the fully automated chip-based nanoelectrospray linear ion trap platform is a valuable system for oligosaccharide analyses due to the unique MS/MS and MS(n) capability of the linear ion trap and the extended analysis time provided by the ionization technique.

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