Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eukaryot Cell. 2004 Jun;3(3):764-75.

Hemoglobin regulates expression of an activator of mating-type locus alpha genes in Candida albicans.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Pathology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1500, USA. droberts@helix.nih.gov

Abstract

Phenotypic switching from the white to the opaque phase is a necessary step for mating in the pathogenic fungus Candida albicans. Suppressing switching during vascular dissemination of the organism may be advantageous, because opaque cells are more susceptible to host defenses. A repressor of white-opaque switching, HBR1 (hemoglobin response gene 1), was identified based on its specific induction following growth in the presence of exogenous hemoglobin. Deletion of a single HBR1 allele allowed opaque phase switching and mating competence, accompanied by a lack of detectable MTL alpha1 and alpha2 gene expression and enhanced MTLa1 gene expression. Conversely, overexpression of Hbr1p or exposure to hemoglobin increased MTLalpha gene expression. The a1/alpha2 repressed target gene CAG1 was derepressed in the same mutant in a hemoglobin-sensitive manner. Regulation of CAG1 by hemoglobin required an intact MTLa1 gene. Several additional Mtlp targets were perturbed in HBR1 mutants in a manner consistent with commitment to an a mating phenotype, including YEL007w, MFalpha, HST6, and RAM2. Therefore, Hbr1 is part of a host factor-regulated signaling pathway that controls white-opaque switching and mating in the absence of allelic deletion at the MTL locus.

Copyright 2004 American Society for Microbiology

PMID:
15189997
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC420132
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (7)Free text

FIG. 1.
FIG. 2.
FIG. 3.
FIG. 4.
FIG. 5.
FIG. 6.
FIG. 7.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk